At the global level, the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) indicates that nearly 1.15 billion hectares of forest are managed mainly for the production of wood and non-wood forest products. In addition, 749 million hectares are designated for multiple use , which often includes production. The area of forest primarily designated for production has remained relatively stable in the world, but the area of forest with multiple uses (production, conservation, protection, etc.) has decreased by around 71 million hectares since 1990. Global removals of wood were estimated at 3.97 billion m 3 in 2019, about half of which was industrial roundwood. The other half was firewood. The five countries that harvested the most timber in 2018 were the United States (11%), India (9%), China (9%), Brazil (7%) and Russia (6%).